Snake Identification

24/7 Sunshine Coast Snake Catchers

Common Snakes on the Sunshine Coast

Yellow Faced Whip Snake (Demansia psammophis)

- Mildly Venomous

Yellow-faced whip snakes are a small thin snake that only grows to an average length of 80cm – 1 meter. scales can vary from olive to brown, with copper coloration along the top half of the body. The scales around the eyes are usually yellow with a black comma shape that runs to the corner of the mouth. Across the snout, there is a black bar that runs from nostril to nostril.
Spotted Python - close up of face

Spotted Python (Antaresia maculosa)

- Non-Venomous

Small and robust, but shorter than some of their python relatives (such as the coastal carpet python), the spotted python is a snake species commonly found on the north-east and eastern coasts of Australia.

Their docile nature and lack of venom makes these snakes popular as pets!

Red Bellied Black Snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus)

- Highly Venomous

Red-bellied black snakes are moderately built and can grow to an average length 1.5 to 2 meters. Black headed, often with a brown snout, and barely larger than its neck. There are glossy jet-black scales on its back with vibrant red to pink coloration running down its flanks. Belly scales are red to pink with black bands.
keelback snake on grass

Keelback Snake (Tropidonophis mairii)

- Non-Venomous

These are small, freshwater snakes that grows to average lengths of 60 -75 cm. Their colors range from any shade of gray, brown, and olive, with dark bands across the back. Belly scales are normally a cream to light salmon-pink. The most defining feature is keeled scales that cover most of the body, which makes it rough to the touch.

Green Tree Snake (Dendrelaphis punctulata)

- Non-Venomous

Common tree snakes have moderately large eyes with an elongated head. They have a long, slender body with scales varying in color from brown to green, to sky blue. The scales often have white or blue speckles. Belly scales are usually cream to yellow but can also be a light blue.
Eastern Small-Eyed Snake

Eastern Small-Eyed Snake (Cryptophis nigrescens)

- Highly Venomous

Eastern small-eyed snakes are generally dark grey or black with very glossy scales. The belly is usually marked with grey or black splotches and is pink or orange in colour, depending on whether the snake originates in the north or in the south of Queensland. This colour does not extend up around the sides of the snake, as is the case with the red-bellied black snake.

Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis)

- Highly Venomous

Eastern brown snakes are of a slender to moderate build and can grow to lengths of 1.5 to 2 meters.

This species varies with coloration and patterns, from almost any shade of brown to almost black with belly scales typically being light tan to orange with pink or orange spots.

Common Death Adder (Acanthophis antarcticus)

- Highly Venomous

Death adders are very stocky with a triangular-shaped head, growing to an average of 40-100cm in length. coloration depends on the areas where they are found. It has a distinctive appearance, with a triangular-shaped head and a robust body that tapers off abruptly to a very thin tail.

Coastal Carpet Python (Morelia spilota mcdowelli)

- Non-Venomous

These large, thick snakes can grow to over 3 metres in length and weigh up to 10kg. They have a large head covered in small fragmented scales. There are defined heat pits on the lower jaw with less defined pits on their upper lip and snout. Their colour can vary greatly, though they mostly look carpet-coloured.

Brown Tree Snake (Boiga irregularis)

- Weakly Venomous

Brown tree snakes can grow to around 2 meters in length. They have a long, slender body with a large bulbous head, distinct from its narrow neck.

They have large yellow to brown eyes with vertical pupils. Brown to reddish in color with dark bands. Belly scales are cream to salmon color.
Blue-Tongued Lizard

Blue-Tongued Lizard (Tiliqua scincoides)

- Non-Venomous

Squat and non-threatening looking, the eastern blue-tongued lizard has a short body with short appendages. Growing up to 60cm and weighing as much as 1kg as an adult, this reptile is a member of the skink family. Their tails are quite short as well, giving this lizard an overall stocky appearance.

As their name suggests, they have bright blue tongues!
Bandy Bandy Snake

Bandy Bandy (Vermicella annulata)

- Weakly Venomous

The bandy bandy snake is black in colour with thick, white strips marking its body from head to tail. This snake species burrows, and as a result, its eyes are very small and hard to distinguish from the rest of the head from afar. Additionally, there is no distinction between its head and body, giving it a streamlined appearance.
Burton’s Legless Lizard

Burton’s Legless Lizard (Lialis burtonis)

- Non-Venomous

Burton’s Legless Lizards are entirely of the lizard, Pygopodidae family, and are more closely related to geckos than they are snakes.

These lizards are extraordinary looking, with long, slender bodies growing up to over 100cm long – although females tend to grow longer than males. The most noteworthy feature of the lizard is it unique wedge-shaped snout, which tapers to a point. Upper body colours tend to be cream, yellow, brown or grey, with light-coloured bellies.
White Crown Snake - close up of white crowned snake

White Crowned Snake (Cacophis harriettae)

- Weakly Venomous

The white crowned snake is a small snake species endemic to Australia and is commonly spotted in and around the Sunshine Coast.

Although it is venomous, this species is not considered dangerous to humans. Like its crowned siblings, the white crowned snake relies more on defensive displays than biting.
Tiger Snake

Tiger Snake (Notechis scutatus)

- Highly Venomous

The tiger snake is a large, extremely venomous snake found across Australia, including Tasmania. Adult tiger snakes can grow to lengths of up to 1.2m.

These reptilian hunters appear in a range of colours and markings. Patterning tends to include darker bands across the length of the body which are contrasted against the body colour, which is usually a variant of either yellow, olive, orange-brown, and even purely black.
Three-Clawed Worm Skink face and small limbs

Three-Clawed Worm Skink (Anomalopus verreauxii)

- Non-Venomous

The three-clawed worm skink is a common sighting around Queensland and the Sunshine Coast. Much like Burton’s Legless Lizard, this skink appears entirely limbless – more like a snake than a lizard! However, as with many native skinks in the area, closer inspection of the three-clawed worm skink reveals four small limbs.

These lizards have a skink-like tongue and are completely harmless. You may find one or two in your garden, as these reptiles love to burrow into compost and garden clipping heaps.
Southern Dwarf Crowned Snake

Southern Dwarf Crowned Snake (Cacophis krefftii)

- Weakly Venomous

Rarely seen if only for their miniscule size, the southern dwarf crowned snake is a common snake species found across the Queensland region, including in Brisbane, the Gold Coast, and on the Sunshine Coast.

Tiny in comparison to their golden crowned relatives, the dwarf crowned snake is considered mildly venomous but not dangerous to humans.
Rough Scaled Snake - close up of Rough Scaled Snake face

Rough Scaled Snake (Tropidechis carinatus)

- Highly Venomous

The rough scaled snake is a moderately sized and partially arboreal snake commonly found in Queensland. Despite sharing a similar appearance to the brown tree snake, the rough scaled snake’s closest relative is actually the venomous tiger snake!

Active during both the day and night, this snake is highly venomous and can be incredibly defensive if it feels threatened. Keep an eye out for this little hunter!
Golden Crowned Snake

Golden Crowned Snake (Cacophissquamulosus)

- Weakly Venomous

Named for its distinct crown-shaped markings, the golden crowned snake is a common species found across Queensland, including in Brisbane and on the Sunshine Coast.

Keep an eye on your cats and dogs as our furry companions are known to hunt and bring in these snakes from time to time.
Pink-Tongued Skink

Pink-Tongued Skink (Cyclodomorphus gerrardii)

- Non-Venomous

The pink-tongued skink grows to up to 45cm at maturity and has a slender body. Their tails are long, usually spanning the same length as their body. They have well-developed limbs with long fingers and sharp nails. Males tend to be slightly larger, with broader heads, than females. True to their name, they have pink tongues! However, they are born with a blue tongue that will change colour as they mature.

Sunshine Coast Snake Identification

The Sunshine Coast region, like many other places in Queensland, is renowned for its snake population. There are many different species of snake on the Sunshine Coast, not to many all the sub-species, and many homeowners – and even business owners – have come across these slippery reptiles on their premises, in places they are not expected to be. Considering the variety of venomous snake species on the Sunshine Coast, it can be highly beneficial to be informed about the various snakes you may encounter.

Identifying a snake is no easy task, even for avid snake enthusiasts. When meeting a snake, they will likely try to flee or hide, which can make successfully identifying it difficult. In some cases, certain snakes can become defensive, rearing up or flattening out their body as they face off a would-be threat. This can also make identifying a snake tricky.

If you should come across a snake in your garden, at home, or within your workplace, it’s always best to call in trained professionals like Snake Rescue Sunny Coast. Our experience and training give us the right tools to not only accurately identify the snake, but also safely remove it from your property and relocate it to the wild. Never approach a snake you don’t recognise as there are many species of snake on the Sunshine Coast that are poisonous, but that can be confused for other, similar-looking non-venomous snakes in the area.

Contact The Snake Rescue Team

Service Areas

Areas Covered: Caloundra to Noosa; Beerwah to Pomona;
Maleny to Mapleton and all areas in between.

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